Phrasal Verbs

Be down :

  1. Be depressed

He has BEEN DOWN since his partner left him.

  1. Be reduced or less

The firm’s profits ARE DOWN by ten percent this quarter.

Be down with : Be ill

Gul is DOWN WITH some bug and is off work today.

Be fed up : Be bored, upset or sick of something

I AM FED UP of his complaints.

Be in :

  1. Be at home or at work

They ARE never IN. I always get their answer phone.

  1. Be submitted, arrive

The application form must BE IN by 3pm on Friday.

Be in on : Be involved in

Susan was the only one who WASN’T IN ON the plan.

Be not on : Be unacceptable

The way he’s behaving IS just NOT ON.

Be off :

  1. Be bad (of food)

This yoghurt must BE OFF. It smells foul.

  1. Depart, leave

I’m OFF home. It’s five o’clock.

Be on :

  1. Be functioning (of machines)

The computer IS ON.

  1. Take place

The show IS ON for the next three months.

  1. Take medication or drugs, especially when they affect the person badly

He IS ON anti-depressants and has become very difficult to please.

Be on about : Mean, try to say

I couldn’t understand what he WAS ON ABOUT. It made no sense.

Be onto : Pursue, be aware of someone’s true nature

He’s being very careful because he thinks the police ARE ONTO him.

Be out : Be absent from a place

She IS OUT on a visit for the day.

Be out of : Have no more left

We’re OUT OF coffee so I’ll have to go and get some.

Be out to : Attempt

She IS OUT TO get him sacked because she hates him.

Be snowed under : Have too much work

We’re completely SNOWED UNDER at work because it’s the end of the tax year.

Be taken aback : Be shocked or surprised

I WAS TAKEN ABACK when I saw him because he’s lost all his hair.

Be taken with : Like something

I WAS very TAKEN WITH the performance- it was superb.

Be up :

  1. Be out of bed

She’s not UP yet.

  1. Have increased or risen

The company’s profits ARE UP by fifteen percent.

  1. When the time for something finishes or expires

Time’s UP, please finish your drinks and leave.

Be up to :

  1. Be good enough

He’s not UP TO the job; get someone else.

  1. Doing something naughty or wrong

What are those kids UP TO?

Bear down on : Move towards

She spotted him on the other side of the room and BORE DOWN ON him.

Bear on : Influence, affect

The judge’s character may well BEAR ON the final decision.

Bear out : Confirm that something is correct

Statistics BEAR OUT the government’s positions on the issue.

Bear up : Resist pressure

How are you BEARING UP under the strain?

Bear up under : Cope with something difficult or stressful

He’s BEARING UP UNDER the pressure.

Bear with : Be patient

Please BEAR WITH me a moment while I finish this email.

Beat down : Strong sunshine

The sun WAS really BEATING DOWN and we couldn’t stay outdoors.