Be down :
- Be depressed
He has BEEN DOWN since his partner left him.
- Be reduced or less
The firm’s profits ARE DOWN by ten percent this quarter.
Be down with : Be ill
Gul is DOWN WITH some bug and is off work today.
Be fed up : Be bored, upset or sick of something
I AM FED UP of his complaints.
Be in :
- Be at home or at work
They ARE never IN. I always get their answer phone.
- Be submitted, arrive
The application form must BE IN by 3pm on Friday.
Be in on : Be involved in
Susan was the only one who WASN’T IN ON the plan.
Be not on : Be unacceptable
The way he’s behaving IS just NOT ON.
Be off :
- Be bad (of food)
This yoghurt must BE OFF. It smells foul.
- Depart, leave
I’m OFF home. It’s five o’clock.
Be on :
- Be functioning (of machines)
The computer IS ON.
- Take place
The show IS ON for the next three months.
- Take medication or drugs, especially when they affect the person badly
He IS ON anti-depressants and has become very difficult to please.
Be on about : Mean, try to say
I couldn’t understand what he WAS ON ABOUT. It made no sense.
Be onto : Pursue, be aware of someone’s true nature
He’s being very careful because he thinks the police ARE ONTO him.
Be out : Be absent from a place
She IS OUT on a visit for the day.
Be out of : Have no more left
We’re OUT OF coffee so I’ll have to go and get some.
Be out to : Attempt
She IS OUT TO get him sacked because she hates him.
Be snowed under : Have too much work
We’re completely SNOWED UNDER at work because it’s the end of the tax year.
Be taken aback : Be shocked or surprised
I WAS TAKEN ABACK when I saw him because he’s lost all his hair.
Be taken with : Like something
I WAS very TAKEN WITH the performance- it was superb.
Be up :
- Be out of bed
She’s not UP yet.
- Have increased or risen
The company’s profits ARE UP by fifteen percent.
- When the time for something finishes or expires
Time’s UP, please finish your drinks and leave.
Be up to :
- Be good enough
He’s not UP TO the job; get someone else.
- Doing something naughty or wrong
What are those kids UP TO?
Bear down on : Move towards
She spotted him on the other side of the room and BORE DOWN ON him.
Bear on : Influence, affect
The judge’s character may well BEAR ON the final decision.
Bear out : Confirm that something is correct
Statistics BEAR OUT the government’s positions on the issue.
Bear up : Resist pressure
How are you BEARING UP under the strain?
Bear up under : Cope with something difficult or stressful
He’s BEARING UP UNDER the pressure.
Bear with : Be patient
Please BEAR WITH me a moment while I finish this email.
Beat down : Strong sunshine
The sun WAS really BEATING DOWN and we couldn’t stay outdoors.