👉auxiliary verb + subject
💮 We use the same auxiliary verb in the tag as in the main sentence. If there is no auxiliary verb in the main sentence, we use do in the tag.
👉 You live in Spain, don’t you?
💮 If the auxiliary verb in the sentence is affirmative, the tag is negative.
👉 You’re Spanish, aren’t you?
💮 If the auxiliary verb in the sentence is negative, the tag is affirmative.
👉 You’re not Spanish, are you?
💮 We use tag questions to Confirm or check information or ask for agreement.
👉 You want to come with me, don’t you?
👉 You can swim, can’t you?
👉 You don’t know where the boss is, do you?
👉 This meal is horrible, isn’t it?
👉 That film was fantastic, wasn’t it?
💮 We use tag questions to Check whether something is true.
👉 The meeting’s tomorrow at 9am, isn’t it?
👉 You won’t go without me, will you?
🌼 Additional points
💮 In the present form of be: if the subject is “I”, the auxiliary changes to are or aren’t in the tag question.
👉 I’m sitting next to you, aren’t I?
👉I’m a little red, aren’t I?
💮 With let’s, the tag question is shall we?
👉 Let’s go to the beach, shall we?
👉 Let’s have a coffee, shall we?
💮 With an imperative, the tag question is will you?
👉 Close the window, will you?
👉 Hold this, will you?
💮 We use an affirmative tag question after a sentence containing a negative word such as never, hardly, nobody.
👉 Nobody lives in this house, do they?
👉 You’ve never liked me, have you?
💮 When the subject is nothing, we use “it” in the tag question.
👉 Nothing bad happened, did it?
👉 Nothing ever happens, does it?
💮 If the subject is nobody, somebody, everybody, no one, someone or everyone, we use “they” in the tag question.
👉 Nobody asked for me, did they?
👉 Nobody lives here, do they?
💮 If the main verb in the sentence is have (not an auxiliary verb), it is more common to use do in the tag question.
👉 You have a Ferrari, don’t you?
👉 She had a great time, didn’t she?
💮 With used to, we use “didn’t” in the tag question.
👉You used to work here, didn’t you?
👉He used to have long hair, didn’t he?
💮We can use affirmative tag questions after affirmative sentences to express a reaction such as surprise or interest.
👉You’re moving to Brazil, are you?
💮If we don’t know the answer, it is a real question and we use a rising intonation with the tag question.
👉You don’t know where the boss is, do you? ↗
💮If we know the answer and are just confirming the information a falling intonation is used with the tag question.
👉That film was fantastic, wasn’t it? ↘
🌼Question Tags On The Imperative ( Do/ Don’t )
💮After the imperative “do” or “don’t do”, we use the tag “will you” or “won’t you”. Let’s see the following example.
👉Open the window, will you?
👉Don’t be noisy, will you?
👉Get the phone for me, won’t you?
🌼Special Question Tags
Notice these special question tags.
👉Let’s dance, shall we?
👉I’m late, aren’t I?
🌼The Words Making Positive Question Tags
💮If a sentence contains the following words, we have to use positive question tags. The words have negative sense.
never, seldom, hardly , ever
💮Let’s see the following example :
👉She never comes late, does she?
👉We seldom see our parents, do we?
🌼Special Subject In Question Tags
💮If the subject of the main sentence is everybody, everyone, somebody, someone, nobody or no-one,we use subject they on the question tag.
👉Let’s see the following example :
👉Everybody loves her, don’t they?
👉Somebody entered our house last night, didn’t they?